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Buffer Stopper Using Progressive Compression Process for Crash Energy Absorption of a Railway Vehicle
|저자명||Kwanghyun Ahn Hoon Huh Tae Soo Kwon|
|Name||ASME 2011 Applied Mechanics and Materials Conference|
A railway buffer stopper is a crash energy absorbing device which is installed at the end of rail lines in order to prevent derailment. To stop a train which cannot otherwise stop at the rail end due to some kind of trouble, this device should be installed in a railway station or depot where the rail line finishes. Friction type buffer stoppers have been installed at railway stations in most European countries. These devices can absorb the crash energy of the train by using the friction between a friction element and the rail when the train crashes into the buffer stopper. This paper proposes a new concept for the buffer stopper which can replace the friction type buffer stopper. More economical and effective buffer stopper can be suggested by using a progressive compression process. When the train crashes into the new type buffer stopper, a metal strip installed at the rail is progressively compressed and absorbs the kinetic energy of the train through its own plastic deformation. The feasibility of the buffer stopper using the progressive compression process is first investigated using numerical analysis and then the design and concept for the new system are suggested by a parametric study. The design of the progressive compression type has been verified by a series of experiments. Small scale crash tests using auto-body crash tester have been conducted first to verify the braking capacity of the progressive compression process and then the real scale crash tests using real train have been conducted.