저자명 윤종헌 
년도 2008 
The high strain rate properties of auto-body steel have been studied for accurate crashworthiness of vehicles. The mechanical properties at high strain rates show different characteristics from those at the quasi-static state. In order to seek for the physical phenomenon of the strain rate hardening, a microscopic investigation has been conducted for the texture evolution and dislocation behavior of auto-body steel. Tensile tests were performed at strain rates ranged from 0.001/sec to 100/sec which is the common range in practical vehicle crashes to investigate the microstructural variation and dislocation behavior. Then, samples were extracted from elongated tensile specimens to investigate the microstructural variation and dislocation behavior of deformed materials. Microstructural changes such as the size, shape, and aspect ratio of grains in the deformation textures were investigated at various strain rates using an electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) experiment. The effect of the dislocation density, behavior, and multiplication with the variation of strain rates was also observed to clarify the mechanism of the strain rate hardening with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) experiments. This research provides a method of constructing a general constitutive equation regarding the microscopic behavior of texture and dislocations at various strain rates. The investigation was mainly focused on the dislocation behavior and mechanism. At a low strain rate of 0.001/sec, the dislocation density is low compared to that at high strain rates and dislocations show the half-loop and V-shape since they are influenced significantly by the other dislocations and precipitations. At a high strain rate of 100/sec, the dislocation density increases abruptly and the dislocation mechanism constructs the dislocation crossing-net with the specific angle based on the slip system of the BCC structure. Results show that the dislocation shape and behavior are not influenced significantly by dislocation interaction and precipitations while they can induce the strain rate hardening by acting as dislocation sources or obstacles. A large number of crossing dislocations and precipitations accelerate the dislocation tangling and activate the strain rate hardening. Experiments with TRIP steels, which have low strain rate sensitivity, were conducted to observe different results from the strain rate hardening of SPCC steel. The dislocation structure in a specimen at each strain rate shows similar characteristics regardless of strain rates since hard second phases of TRIP steel restrict the dislocation movement in ferrite grains as dislocation obstacles and barriers with deformation.
번호 제목 저자명 날짜 조회 수
27 Study on Dynamic Tensile Tests of Auto-body Steel Sheet at the Intermediate Strain Rate for Material Constitutive Equations (차체강판의 중변형률 속도에서의 동적 인장시험 및 물성 구성방정식에 관한 연구) 임지호  2005.11.29 25430
26 Analysis of Elasto-Plastic Stress Waves by a Time Discontinuous Variational Integrator of Hamiltonian with a Second-Order Integration Scheme of the Constitutive Model (해밀토니안의 시간 불연속 변분적분기와 구성방정식의 2차 정확도 적분법을 이용한 탄소 조상순  2008.12.15 21646
25 Forming Limit Diagram of Auto-body Steel Sheets at High Strain Rates for Sheet Metal Forming and Crashworthiness (박판성형 및 충돌성능 향상을 위한 고변형률속도에서의 차체강판 성형한계도) 김석봉  2010.07.13 21585
24 A New Ductile Fracture Criterion for the Formability Prediction of Steel Sheets and Its Application to Finite Element Analysis (강판의 성형성 예측을 위한 새로운 연성 파괴 조건 및 유한 요소 해석에의 응용) [1] Yanshan Lou  2012.12.10 20976
23 A Study on the Tension/Compression Hardening Behavior of Auto-body Steel Sheets Considering the Pre-strain and the Strain Rate (초기 변형률 및 변형률 속도를 고려한 차체 강판의 인장/압축 경화 거동에 관한 연구) [1] 배기현  2011.01.11 20274
22 A Study on Material Properties of OFHC Copper Film at High Strain Rates using High-Speed Micro Material Testing Machine (고속마이크로재료시험기를 이용한 무산소동 박판의 고변형률속도 재료물성치 연구) 김진성  2010.07.13 20157
21 Finite Element Inverse Approach and Initial Guess Generation for Sheet Metal Forming Analysis of Complicated Auto-body Members (복잡한 차체부재의 박판성형공정을 위한 유한요소 역해석 및 초기추측치 계산) 김승호  2005.11.29 19050
20 A Study on the Dynamic Failure Model of a Spot Weld under Combined Loading Conditions for Auto-body Crash Analyses (차체용 부재의 충돌해석을 위한 복합하중조건에서 점용접부의 동적 파단모델 연구) [1] 송정한  2008.07.24 18508
19 Optimum Process Design in Sheet Metal Forming Processes using Finite Element Sensitivity Analysis (유한요소 민감도해석을 이용한 박판금속성형에서의 공정변수 최적설계) [1] 김세호  2005.11.29 18448
18 Strain-Rate Dependent Anisotropic Yield Criteria for Auto-body Steel Sheets (자동차용 강판의 변형률속도 의존 이방성 항복함수에 관한 연구) 허지향  2012.12.11 17976
17 Evaluation of a cast-joining process of dual metal crankshafts for heavy-duty engines with ductile cast iron and high strength forged steel(구상흑연주철과 고강도 단조강의 주조접합 이종금속을 이용한 중대형 엔진 크랭크샤프트의 평가) 한 신  2010.07.13 17828
16 Dynamic Formulation of Finite Element Limit Analysis for Impact Simulation of Structural Members (구조부재의 충돌해석을 위한 유한요소 극한해석의 동적 수식화) 김기풍  2005.11.29 17725
15 Measurement Uncertainty Evaluation for High Strain Rate Tensile Properties of Auto-body Steel Sheet (자동차용 강판 고속인장물성 데이터의 측정불확도 산출) 정세환  2012.12.10 17704
14 Development of a Nonlinear Degenerated Shell Element with the Drilling Degree of Freedom by the Cubic Polynomial Interpolation and the Assumed Strain Method (드릴링 자유도의 삼차 근사법과 대체변형률법을 이용한 비선형 감절점 쉘 요소의 개발) 이형욱  2005.11.29 17662
13 Rate Dependent Hardening Model for Pure Titanium Considering the Effect of Deformation Twinning (쌍정의 영향을 고려한 티타늄의 변형률속도 의존 경화 모델) 안광현  2012.12.12 17136
12 Finite Element Simulation of 3-dimensional Superplastic blow forming with diffusion bonding (유한요소법을 이용한 초소성 재료의 삼차원 확산 접합 및 압력 성형 해석) 이기석  2005.11.29 16942
» Microscopic investigation of the strain rate hardening for auto-body steel sheet(차체강판 변형률속도 경화의 미시적 관찰) 윤종헌  2010.07.13 16888
10 Crash Analysis of Auto-body Structures with an Explicit Finite Element Method ( 외연적 유한요소법을 이용한 차체 구조물의 충돌해석 ) 강우종  2005.11.29 16676
9 Shell Element Formulation for Limit Analysis of Thin-Walled Structures ( 박판부재의 붕괴거동해석을 위한 극한해석의 쉘요소 수식화 ) 김현섭  2005.11.29 14690
8 A Study on a Continuum Damage Yield Function to Predict Ductile Fracture of Materials (재료의 연성파단을 예측하기 위한 연속체 손상 항복 함수에 관한 연구) 고윤기  2012.12.10 14565